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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-7

To investigate the association between sleep and happiness among nurses with different personality traits: A cross-sectional study


Occupational Therapy Training School and Centre, LTMMC and General Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sushant Deepak Sarang
1505, Soham, Plot No. 66, Sector New 50, Nerul, Navi Mumbai - 400 706, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijoth.ijoth_7_19

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Background: Sleep and happiness play an important role in the functioning of a person. This study investigated the association between sleep and happiness among nurses and also studied if individual personality traits play a role. Objectives: To measure perceived stress, sleep, happiness and personality trait among nurses & To analyze the relationship between the sleep, happiness and personality trait. Study Design: A cross-sectional study design was chosen for the research. Methods: Thirty nursing staff (females, aged 22–53 years) were selected for the study. The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) was used for screening stress. Those who scored low (0–13) on the PSS were included in the study. Written informed consent was obtained. Sleep quality, happiness, and personality traits were measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Oxford Happiness Questionnaire, and Big Five Personality Test, respectively. Scores were analyzed using MedCalc Statistical Software. Results: The mean age of nursing staff with good sleep was 28 years and that with poor sleep was 36 years. It was found that 63% of nursing staff had poor sleep and 37% had good sleep. Among nursing staff with good sleep, 36% were unhappy and 64% were happy. Among nursing staff with poor sleep, 47.7% were unhappy and 52.6% were happy. The mean score for neuroticism was higher in patients with poor sleep (t-test, P = 0.003, 95% confidence interval: -7.96 to -1.76). Conclusions: Nursing staff with good sleep were happier compared to nurses with poor sleep though the difference was not significant. Sleep disturbances increased with age among nurses. The personality trait of neuroticism was higher in patients with poor sleep.


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