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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 50  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 71-75

Comparison of time use patterns between employed women and homemakers


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Allied Health Sciences, MAHE, Manipal, Karnataka, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Allied Health Sciences, MAHE, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shalini Quadros
Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Allied Health Sciences, MAHE, Manipal, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0445-7706.244550

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Background: “Time Use” is the process of choosing activities by an individual. These activities that are performed on a daily basis form the “Time Use Patterns.” These patterns are the occupational behaviors in terms of the frequency, duration and the order of doing those activities. An understanding of these behaviors is known to aid in health promotion and disease prevention. These patterns when studied among women are limited to a broad categorization of paid and unpaid activities. The available studies were found to have contradictory reports. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the time use patterns among employed women and homemakers. Study Design: Quantitative study, observational cross-sectional. Methods: Two groups of employed women and homemakers with 80 participants (age range 25–45 years) in each group were studied to find the time use patterns using a standardized questionnaire namely Modified Occupational Questionnaire. The data obtained for the activity categories were analyzed using Two-way MANOVA. Results: The time spent by employed women in inactive activities was less than the homemakers, and the difference was statistically significant (mean difference = −1.325, P < 0.001, 95% confidence interval [CI]: −1.909 – −0.741). The time spent by employed women in active activities was also less than the homemakers, and the difference was statistically significant (mean difference = −3.188, P < 0.001, 95% CI: −4.064 – −2.311). The time spent by employed women in work-like activities was more than the homemakers and the difference was statistically significant (mean difference = 5.038, P < 0.001, 95% CI: 4.099–5.976). Conclusions: It was found that employed women and homemakers differed in their time use in activities such as household activities, caring for self, caring for others, playing with children, socialization, leisure, rest, unpaid work, and work. Employed women spent more time in work-like activities. Homemakers spent more time in active and inactive activities.


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