• Users Online: 155
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 50  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 98-102

Effectiveness of visual schedule in combination with sensory-integration therapy for developing self-care in children with autism


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, KMCH College of Occupational Therapy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Associate Professor & HOD, Department of Occupational Therapy, SVNIRTAR, Cuttack, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sailendri Dash
Assistant Professor, KMCH College of Occupational Therapy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu - 641 014
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0445-7706.244553

Rights and Permissions

Background: Developmental disorders like autism are heterogeneous and lifelong disorder which will have mild-to-severe limitations for which they rely heavily on others for support in self-care, daily living, employment, relation, and overall independent living. Objectives: The aim of this study is to explore the effect of visual scheduling for developing self-care in children with autism and to incorporate the visual scheduling as a therapeutic intervention in combination with sensory integration therapy (SIT). Study Design: This was pretest–posttest control group design. Methods: Convenient sample of 32 children with autism were screened with childhood autism rating scale (CARS) were allotted to experimental and control group. The pretest score was taken using Wee-FIM, after that, both groups underwent 12 weeks of intervention. Experimental group followed conventional therapy (SIT) along with visual schedule protocol of self-care and control group followed conventional therapy and the culture-based rearing techniques. The potential impact of the program on participation was assessed as post Wee-FIM score. Results: The present study aimed at knowing the effectiveness of the combined approach of visual schedule and SIT for increasing self-care in children with autism. Statistical analysis shows that there is a significant difference between both groups after posttest. Result shows the change in mean score 25.56–40.43. Moreover, the result is highly significant at the level of P = 0.00 (95% confidence interval). Conclusions: This study shows the combined effect of visual schedule and SIT is an effective intervention to improve self-care activities in children with autism.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed2076    
    Printed136    
    Emailed3    
    PDF Downloaded53    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal