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Table of Contents
GUEST EDITORIAL
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 115-116

Guest editorial: Emotional and psychosocial well-being: Challenges in contemporary occupational therapy in mental health practice


1 Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai; Occupational Therapists Association of Thailand, Thailand
2 Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Al Ahsa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Date of Submission31-Mar-2021
Date of Acceptance31-Mar-2021
Date of Web Publication22-Apr-2021

Correspondence Address:
Supat Chupradit
Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, 110 Intawaroros Road, Sripoom, Chiang Mai, 50200
Thailand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijoth.ijoth_49_21

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How to cite this article:
Chupradit S, Vadivu SV. Guest editorial: Emotional and psychosocial well-being: Challenges in contemporary occupational therapy in mental health practice. Indian J Occup Ther 2020;52:115-6

How to cite this URL:
Chupradit S, Vadivu SV. Guest editorial: Emotional and psychosocial well-being: Challenges in contemporary occupational therapy in mental health practice. Indian J Occup Ther [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 May 18];52:115-6. Available from: http://www.ijotonweb.org/text.asp?2020/52/4/115/314221

Global movement on mental health is critical on individual adaptation, especially under the pandemic of the novel coronavirus 2019. Although the World Health Organization (WHO) and public health agencies around the world are attempting to control the COVID-19 pandemic, people are still under a lot of stress due to such critical situations and they need supports on psychological well-being and psychosocial aspects to different target groups.[1] According to 2013–2020 Mental Health Action Plan of the WHO, the importance of mental health is emphasized on equality of everyone to have good health through prevention and universal health coverage scheme. This action plan has four main objectives: leadership and effective supervision of mental health; providing services on mental health and full social care covering communities; strategic implementation for promotion and prevention; and strong information systems and research.[2]

Contemporary occupational therapy in mental health practice is implemented for promoting psychosocial skills of the world population. These skills are very necessary and need support from “occupational therapists” to reduce the crisis of people's mental health, especially on stress, anxiety, and depression, as well as effects on ways of life in terms of minds and societies of every target group.[3],[4],[5] While the demand for occupational therapy is increasing, the numbers of occupational therapists are not enough and there are some limitations in giving services. Previously, the focus was on the medical model before extending to a social model by emphasizing the community-based adaptation. Therefore, people have an option for more accessing psychosocial services from us to actively work in different contexts.[6]

In this specialty edition, outstanding works are presented with a focus on emotion and psychosocial well-being in interesting research articles. These articles are “Impact of corona virus disease-2019 on occupational therapy practice in India: An online national survey” by Karthik Mani; “Analysis of burden on family caregivers of hospitalized patients with psychiatric illness: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study” by Pratibha M., Vaidya, and Heena N. Patel; “Effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction occupational therapy program in parents of children with autism spectrum disorder: An interventional study patients with psychiatric illness: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study” by Sushant D. Sarang et al.; “Exploring spirituality and its use as a domain of practice among Indian occupational therapists: A qualitative study” by Pooja Vivek Vajaratkar and Amitabh Kishor Dwivedi; “Effect of tele-occupational therapy on self-determined routine task performances in a young adult with autism, intellectual disability, and obsessive–compulsive disorder” by Aishwarya Swaminathan and Anuradha Venkatesh Pai; and finally, “Perception of psychiatrists on occupational therapy practice in mental health: A qualitative study” by Sadichha Kamat and Pooja Vajaratkar.

Karthik Mani reveals an interesting national exploration on the effects of COVID-19 of the operation of occupational therapy in India.

Further, Pratibha M., Vaidya, and Heena N. Patel report the analyzing results of the family caregivers' burdens in hospitalized patients with psychiatric illness. Their findings show the need to continue providing services and care.

Sushant D. Sarang et al. present the experimental research on the effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction occupational therapy program in parents of children with an autism spectrum disorder. Their research is contemporarily designed and can be used as guidelines for applying well in our research-based occupational therapy.

Another qualitative research of Pooja Vivek Vajaratkar and Amitabh Kishor Dwivedi explores spirituality and its use as a domain of practice among Indian occupational therapists. The target of the research is to make understanding in delicate spiritual perspective which contributes to our occupational therapy for the service users.

Furthermore, the study of Aishwarya Swaminathan and Anuradha Venkatesh Pai emphasizes technology-based occupational therapy for groups of people with special needs. Their research responds to rapid change from tele-health to tele-occupational therapy in therapeutic and recovery programs.

The article of Sadichha Kamat and Pooja Vajaratkar presents a psychological perspective on occupational therapy in terms of mental health. Their paper is helpful for understanding challenges in such perspective like reflection for us to perceive our images.

All these articles reflect contemporary aspects and new challenges in research development and practices with the emphasis on evidence in psychosocial dimensions through innovative processes of occupational therapists in India. Accordingly, health is perceived in a holistic view of success and the importance of contemporary perspectives in our work. The author is interested in doing fieldwork in Thai communities for the promotion of mental health and societies in various clinical forms concerning societies and communities under different working contexts. Such research illustrates the variety of concepts and practices for us to see the progress and work creatively for supporting value creation in our medical profession. These studies also enable us to make understanding in an environment of cultures, economy, societies, and contexts which challenge work philosophy and ideals for human freedom to live with well-being, even when facing with limitations inside human being or environment.

We are also grateful for the best chance from Dr. Punita V. Solanki as an Editor of The IJOT, and we would like to thank all members of All India Occupational Therapists' Association for giving honor to us to share best experiences to develop our occupational therapy profession at the international level.



 
  References Top

1.
World Health Organization. Mental Health and Psychosocial Considerations during the COVID-19 Outbreak. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/mental-health-considerations.pdf. [Last accessed on 2020 Mar 18].   Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
World Health Organization. Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2013.   Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Joompathong N, Chupradit S. Promoting stress management program for university students: A review. Test Eng Manage 2020;83:26463-6.   Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Kumkun C, Chupradit S. Improving resilience and mental health occupational therapy involvement in school for early teenagers: A scope of review. Int J Adv Sci Technol 2020;29: 12342-4.   Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Vadivu SV, Chupradit S. Psychosocial and occupational impact assessment due to internet addiction: A critical review. Syst Rev Pham 2020;11:152-5.   Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Kleinman BL. The challenge of providing occupational therapy in mental health. Am J Occup Ther 1992;46:555-7.  Back to cited text no. 6
    




 

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